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Ferenc Liszt lived 75 years. Is it a lot or a little? He could have done more, but, apparently, he burned himself, trying to catch too much. And he had time. Ferenc Liszt wrote 647 works. He studied frantically, taught, opened conservatories, conducted, engaged in music education, took to heart to heart revolutions that were supposed to change the life of his people. The comet that swept over the Hungarian villages on October 22, 1811, as it were, marked the life of the newly born Ferenc Liszt. Already in childhood, he showed amazing talent, and this happy star seemed to accompany him all his life.

Loving Parents of Franz Liszt
Adam Liszt served with Prince Esterhazy as “overseer of the sheep.” Until the age of 14, he played the cello in the prince’s orchestra, led by Joseph Haydn. Adam composed the works. In 1805 he made an appointment to Eisenstadt, where in his spare time from his main job he continued to play in the orchestra, having the opportunity to work with many musicians who came there. In his house hung a portrait of Beethoven, who was the idol of Adam and subsequently became the idol of his son.

Franz Liszt’s mother, nee Anna Lagger, orphaned at 9, went to work as a maid in Vienna, and at 20 she moved to Mattersburg with her brother. In 1810, Adam List came here to visit his father. The young people met and in January 1811 got married. Already in October, they had a son, who became their only child. The name given at baptism was recorded in Latin as Franciscus, and Franz was pronounced in German. The Hungarian name Ferenc is used more often, although Liszt himself, poorly fluent in Hungarian, never used it.

Lessons of music of little Ferenc
The father’s participation in the musical formation of his son was exceptional. Adam began to teach his son early music, giving him lessons. In the church, the boy was taught singing, and the local organist was taught to play the organ. After three years of study, Ferenc at the age of eight first performed in a public concert. composer Ferenc Liszototets drove him to the houses of noble nobles, where the boy played the piano, and managed to arouse a favorable attitude among them. Realizing that his son needs a serious school, his father takes him to Vienna. Here, since 1821, Liszt was playing the piano with Karl Czerny. He agreed to teach the boy free of charge.

The Czerny School gave Liszt the versatility of his piano art. Speaking at concerts, Liszt made a sensation among the Viennese public. During one of them, Beethoven kissed him. List remembered this all his life.

Paris and London
In the winter of 1823, the Sheets moved to the capital of France. The young talented father hoped for his son to enter the conservatory. However, Ferenc was not accepted there, since he was a foreigner. The glory of the miracle child was ahead of his arrival. Brilliant recommendations opened the doors of the most aristocratic salons of the capital. In less than a few weeks, Ferenc played in the palace of the Duchess of Berria, where members of the royal family gathered. The success of this performance was tantamount to recognizing the whole of Paris.

Once he played with the Duke of Orleans – the future king of France Louis-Philippe. The enchanted duke facilitated Liszt’s concert at the Italian conductor Ferenc Listopern Theater. During the concert, when Liszt played the solo part, free-of-play musicians were so carried away by his performance that they forgot to enter on time. One reviewer wrote: “… little Liszt shocked the orchestra so much that it was numb.”

This triumph finally secured the glory of the new Mozart for Liszt. His musical career in Paris could be considered secured. Paer had the idea to stun Paris: his 12-year-old student would write an opera. Work on it was interrupted by a trip to England, where Listov was invited by a family friend, the manufacturer of pianos – Erar. He had a factory branch in London, and he wanted Ferenc to try out new tools.

London gave the Parisian celebrity a warm welcome. They treated him here not just as a minion of salons, but as a true artist, a real maestro. After several performances, Ferenc returned to Paris to finish the opera. Having passed it, Ferenc went on a second concert tour to England and the south of France.


How without love
love Franz LisztMari d’Agu
A significant role in the work of Ferenc was played by his trip with Marie d’Agu to Switzerland and Italy, undertaken in the second half of the 1830s. This Diana of Parisian salons immediately captivated Liszt. In the name of love, she refuses family, home and travels with her beloved to seek happiness in a foreign land. In December 1835, their first child was born – the daughter of Blandin. A few years later they broke up. But at that time, the happiness of mutual love, vivid impressions of nature, acquaintance with the masterpieces of art – all this, obviously, with a special force made Liszt feel in himself not a virtuoso, but primarily an artist. He thinks a lot about art and shares his thoughts with his friends in the form of open letters (“Travel Letters of the Bachelor of Music”), published in one of the Paris music newspapers.

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