Michal Oginsky was not only a government official, but also an amateur composer. He wrote quite a few pieces of music, and some of them even became popular in the Russian Empire. “The Oginsky Polonaise” and “Farewell to the Homeland” are one and the same work. The first option is a popular name, the second is copyright.
From the spot – to the quarry
September 25, 1765 in the town of Guzuv, seven kilometers from Warsaw, a boy was born, who was named Michal. This name was not given by chance. The uncle of the baby, Michal-Kazimir Oginsky, was the great hetman of Lithuania. He remained in history as a brilliant performer, author of numerous operas, polonezas, mazurkas and poems. Michal’s parents were influential and wealthy people and are widely known in Poland and Lithuania. Michal’s father held high public posts. He gained fame thanks to successes in the diplomatic field. Michal’s mother was an educated woman and managed to give her son a good education.
The development of Michal’s musical education was facilitated by a visit to the courtyard of the great Lithuanian hetman and their relative Michal-Casimir Oginsky in Slonim, where operas and ballets were often staged, orchestral and chamber musical works. Young Michal learned to play the violin, and he received a versatile musical education under the leadership of Jozef Kozlowski, who gave serious skills in playing the piano and in the theory of music.
composer Michal OginskyMihal-Casimir Oginsky, uncle
Music lessons were secondary. In the foreground, Oginsky Jr. was gaining versatile knowledge. Everything was subordinated to the main goal – to become one of the most brilliant young people in their homeland. This was possible already in 1785, when the 19-year-old Michal Oginsky was elected a deputy in the Sejm. A little later, the deputies of the Sejm also voted for the election of young Oginsky as state treasurer.
All these successes did not turn the young man’s head, but one panochka was able to accomplish it … The young were married, taking an oath to be faithful to each other. Meanwhile, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth at that time was not at all cloudless.
Patriot Michal Oginsky
The country barely came to its senses after the first partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772, when the Confederates again began to stir up water against the king. Moreover, they insisted on inviting Russia to the “judges”. Stanislav II Ponyatovsky, who came to power in 1764, understood that if in Moscow they set out to put someone else on the Polish throne, then this would happen. Therefore, he began to probe Europe in search of his possible ally. For this, Michal Oginsky Jr. was sent to Holland as an extraordinary envoy. composer Michal Oginsky According to the king, the young count fulfilled his duties with brilliance, and therefore received a new appointment as ambassador to London. The young diplomat went on a trip with his first wife Isabella from the Lyasotsky.
The second section of the Commonwealth could not be avoided. This happened on January 12, 1793. Not all Poles agreed with this. In March 1794, an uprising began in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko. Count Michal-Cleofas of Oginsky was in the front ranks of the rebels. He was elected to the National Council, at one of the meetings of which he declared: “I give my property, work and life to the well-being of the Motherland.” These were not empty words. At his own expense, he formed a lightly armed detachment, which he himself commanded. In one of his letters to his wife – Isabella of Ogynska – he asked her to be thrifty, since money was needed for the uprising, for the maintenance of the detachment. He addressed the letter not to the “Countess,” but to the “citizen.” He called himself a citizen and soldier of the revolution. “For my detachment, I wrote a march on my words. Since that time, many other Poles have performed this march. I also wrote military patriotic songs that excited heroism, energy and enthusiasm, ”wrote Michal later.
The forces were unequal; in the fall of that year, the uprising was completely crushed. General Kosciuszko was seriously wounded, and Mikhal Oginsky hardly managed to avoid arrest.
Michal Oginsky estate in Zalesye (Belarus)
He and Isabella flee to Italy, but soon she leaves her husband and returns to Poland. The wife found out that the husband spent even her family jewels on the action of the “revolution”. After some time, Michal makes his way to the father-in-law and tries to persuade his wife to return, but the proud Pole was adamant. She said that she will not live with a beggar!
Oginsky’s future life resembles a sliver in a whirlpool. He flees to Constantinople, then comes to France. Napoleon Bonaparte Oginsky greatly liked. But Michal demands from the emperor an early attack on Russia, as the culprit of all the troubles of the Polish and Lithuanian peoples. Napoleon is in no hurry, which causes the diplomat to sharply resent.