PATRIARCH MUSIC PETER ILYICH Tchaikovsky
More than 170 years have passed since the birth of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Hundreds of books have been written about the great composer, published in various languages around the world. It would seem that all or almost everything is known about the life and work of the composer, and his musical style and innovation have been investigated to the last note. The life of the great composer was filled with many interesting facts. He was always accompanied by a train of gossip and rumors, intensified after death.
Oh that music!
He was born on May 7, 1840 in the factory village of Votkinsk in Udmurtia. Tchaikovsky’s father was a respectable man, he served as the head of the plant in the Urals and maintained a significant family. Yes, and fed poor relatives. Peter, at home Pierre, Petrusha, grew up quiet and tearful. Only very close people, such as the governess and the teacher Fani, could notice in him something unusual, stormy imagination, hidden inner passions in this “glass boy”. Music wounded his heart at the age of five, although it was not a live performance, but a fashionable little thing, a mechanical organ that played several tunes.
He gets acquainted with the works of Italian and German composers, for the first time he hears Mozart’s Don Juan tunes and the famous arias composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky from Italian operas. The impression was so strong that the boy shouted at night, as if delirious: “Oh, this music, this music!” And when they told him that the organ was silent, he sobbed even more and, clutching his head, shouted: “I have it here, here. She gives me no rest! ”
It seemed that Peter’s mission was quite clear. But Tchaikovsky had to study and work for many years, having no relation to music. She could not give a solid income, and the future seemed too obscure, so the parents chose a legal career for their son.
Pyotr Tchaikovsky: “You will be proud!”
In 1859, studies ended, the most boring service in the Department of Justice began, the rewriting of eternal papers, petitions and relations. The only outlet was the prospect of a new study at the newly opened St. Petersburg Conservatory under the leadership of the brilliant Anton Rubinstein. Pyotr Ilyich was so sure of the correctness of his decision that he once said to his brother: “I may not be equal to Glinka, but you will see that you will be proud of being related to me.” Acquaintance with young composers who do not recognize authorities – Borodin, Mussorgsky, Balakirev – gave Tchaikovsky an impetus for professional growth. The uncle, composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky, very upset by such a decision by his nephew, said: “Ah, Petya, Petya, what a shame! I exchanged jurisprudence for a pipe! ”
In 1865, Tchaikovsky graduated from the conservatory with a silver medal. The harsh statement of the famous music critic and composer Cui that “the conservative composer Mr. Tchaikovsky is very weak” has further fueled the young composer’s desire for further creativity. He is taken for composing a symphony called “Winter Dreams.”
In 1866, Pyotr Ilyich moved to Moscow, where he received the position of professor at the Moscow Conservatory. It was here that his work reached its peak, largely due to communication with various prominent cultural figures. On the advice of Balakirev, Tchaikovsky writes the fantasy overture “Romeo and Juliet,” and critic Stasov encourages him to write the symphonic fantasy “The Tempest”. At the suggestion of singer Elizabeth Lavrovskaya, Tchaikovsky writes the famous opera Eugene Onegin. “Just think, imagine what a poetic, grateful theme it is! .. You, and only you, dear Pyotr Ilyich, can write such an opera, and you will write it!” – said Lavrovskaya to the composer. At first, a similar thought seemed to Tchaikovsky too bold. But in the end, after reading the poem, he still decides.
Heart affairs of Tchaikovsky
Pyotr Ilyich was unsociable and somewhat self-contained, and the only chance the composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky changed the situation was an affair with a young singer, a prima donna of French opera, who arrived on tour in Russia. Her name was Desiree, which means “coveted,” and Pyotr Ilyich took it literally. He offered her a hand and a heart and received a blessing from his elderly father. Desiree, ugly, full, with a red powdery face, but brilliantly witty, reciprocated Tchaikovsky. However, the bride’s parents were not thrilled. Peter was young, while unknown, and therefore – poor. We had to wait with the marriage, but the lovers parted with the hope of a new meeting. Desiree continued her tour and a month later married the venerable baritone.
She certainly miscalculated, the marriage was unsuccessful, and the glory of Tchaikovsky grew year by year. Along with fame, rumors of personal life grew, which began to offend the relatives of Peter Ilyich.
In desperation, Tchaikovsky writes in his diary: “I must struggle with all my strength against my nature.” Such a fight, he considered a speedy official marriage. The composer was well known both for Chekhov, who had medical practice, and Tolstoy, who fiercely hated homosexuals.