ANTONIO VIVALDI – ITALIAN BACH
It took humanity almost two centuries to learn, understand and appreciate the music of the great Antonio Vivaldi again, because soon after his death he was unjustly oblivious. In the 19th century, he was only mentioned as a person whose notes were rewritten by Johann Sebastian Bach. And only at the beginning of the XX century a miracle happened – many of his works were found, and Vivaldi’s music swept the world, touching the souls of people and becoming the basis of the repertoire of eminent orchestras.
Dominated by sounds
After discovering such a treasury, Antonio Vivaldi took the place of honor as a recognized genius in the history of music. His works are familiar to everyone and loved by many, although not everyone can tell about the life of the composer. What was in it?
Antonio Vivaldi was born in the Venetian Republic, it happened on March 4, 1678. The baby was born prematurely and was very weak. Later it became clear that the boy had asthma, he was suffering from asthma attacks, walking was difficult for the child, and climbing stairs was equated to torture. But no physical disabilities did not affect the amazing inner world of Vivaldi. His imagination knew no obstacles, and his life was full of colors, it only happened in the world of music.
Church of St. John in Bragor, where Vivaldi was baptized Church of St. John in Bragor, where Vivaldi was baptized
A new stage in Antonio’s life began when his father, the barber Giovanni Batista, received an invitation to the chapel of the Cathedral of San Marco. Then it was the largest orchestra throughout Italy. Four organs, an orchestra and a large choir provided a majestic sound. This so astonished the imagination of seven-year-old Antonio that he never missed rehearsals and eagerly listened to the music of outstanding masters. Such selfless immersion in art could not go unnoticed. Soon the famous violinist and teacher Giovanni Legrentsi became interested in the boy. In addition to musical knowledge, he instilled in Antonio a desire to experiment. In order to express his thoughts more accurately and brighterly, Vivaldi began to create works and look for new forms. By the way, the composer’s creations, created by him at the age of 13, have survived to our days. But at this age, young Antonio was waiting for serious changes.
Given the poor health of his son, Giovanni Batista decided that it would be better if Antonio became a priest. Vivaldi did not disobey his father. Over time, he received the composer Antonio Vivalditonzuru and the title of “goalkeeper” – he opened the gates of the temple. Later, he took several more degrees of initiations in order to receive the title of priest and to have the right to serve the Mass. For several years, young Vivaldi comprehended church knowledge, although his heart was constantly drawn to creativity. Fate had mercy on Antonio, and once he got the opportunity to do what he loved. It was rumored that during one of the services, the “red-headed priest” (as he was nicknamed for his characteristic hair color) constantly went to the altar in order to quickly record the melody that visited his head. After such liberties, Vivaldi was removed from services, and music again became his main occupation.
Head of the Conservatory
A witty young man with expressive eyes and long hair masterfully mastered the violin and other instruments, he always showed compassion to others and was a welcome conversationalist. Thanks to the received priesthood, he was able to become a teacher in one of the female conservatories of the city-republic. The future seemed to Antonio very promising. composer Antonio Vivaldi He was not even bothered by disagreements with the clergy. Vivaldi plunged into the world of creativity and became a universal favorite in Venice.
He enthusiastically worked at the Pieta Conservatory. Conservatories then called shelters at monasteries, which gave a good education, including music. At first, Antonio was officially called the leader of the choir, and later became the conductor. Vivaldi also taught Piet students to play various instruments, taught vocals and constantly wrote music. This conservatory was well known to Venetian music lovers, and now, under the direction of Antonio Vivaldi, it has become the best in the whole republic. The rich townspeople were in a hurry to give their daughters there.
Antonio worked in Piet for almost his entire life with minor interruptions, and he wrote most of Vivaldi’s spiritual works for his native conservatory. He created cantatas, hymns, masses and oratorios. Although now his sacred music remains in the shadow of concerts. At the conservatory, he was able to harmoniously combine classes in secular and sacred music. Since he had a wonderful orchestra, Antonio could immediately hear the sound of his new works. The composer created over 450 concerts for the Pieta Orchestra, and often he played the violin himself. At that time, few could compete with him in virtuosity. For these achievements, his name was published in 1713 in a guide to Venice.