USSR DAUGHTER ALEXANDER PAKHMUTOV
Lev Leshchenko named Alexander Pakhmutov the composer of the century. We think that not only people of the Soviet generation will agree with this, but also those who, over the past quarter century, have been able to realize the full power of Alexandra Nikolaevna’s work. Only seven notes were needed by this great female composer to create outstanding musical accompaniment of an entire era.
Through the war – into the music
In appearance, a small and incredibly fragile woman was able to take a large place in the life of a vast country. She became a symbol of Soviet creativity, survived both happy and difficult years, but served exclusively her talent. Musicians say that the happy fate of a song is five years old, and Pakhmutova’s songs have been sung for decades. In total, more than 400 were written. Probably, no analogue to this phenomenal record can be found all over the world. Her songs are not destined to grow old, they are doomed to eternal life and popularity, despite the change of generations, countries and eras.
Alexandra heard the first sounds of music from her father, who played the accordion, piano, violin and other instruments. Ala, as her closest people call her, was born in the village of Beketovka, composer Alexandra Pakhmutov, on the outskirts of Stalingrad on November 9, 1929. Mom encouraged the attraction of the child to creativity and drove by train to Stalingrad to classes in a music school. There, in the first war years, the girl heard terrible sounds of exploding shells. The family lived in evacuation in Karaganda for a year. Alexandra continued her music studies, composed melodies and songs, and then asked her parents to send her to Moscow to continue her education. In 1943, the father succumbed to persuasion and took his daughter to the capital’s music school at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory. Five years later, a talented girl became a student in the composer department and later graduated from graduate school.
Young composer Alexandra Pakhmutova
In the archives of the conservatory, a 1944 film was preserved with a recording of one of Ali Pakhmutova’s classes in the class of composer Vissarion Shebalin. Behind the scenes, the announcer says that the second part of Pakhmutova’s sonata is being performed by the author herself. Vissarion Yakovlevich listens attentively and gives some recommendations. These unique shots demonstrate what talent Alexander Pakhmutova had in her early youth. composer Alexandra Pakhmutova The announcer noted that this is still no one known composer – Alya Pakhmutova. It was unlikely that the announcer could have guessed how little time was left before the name of this young composer thundered throughout the Soviet Union.
After the conservatory, Alexander Pakhmutova devoted herself to classical music, and eventually began to create small masterpieces called songs, which made her a world-famous composer. No one doubts that her genius would have manifested itself in any musical genre, but fate for the rest of her life connected her thread with songwriting.
The woman they sing
Each of her songs has its own unique destiny, and each one, like a new child, is a mature, born, nurtured and released into the free composer Alexander Pakhmutovapravlenie. Perhaps that is why she has no children. Speaking of Alexander Pakhmutova, it is impossible to separate her from her husband, the outstanding songwriter Nikolai Dobronravov. Their meeting took place during the “thaw” in the radio studio, where both needed to record a children’s song “Motor Boat”. On it, they sailed along the waves of life and for more than half a century they have been experiencing joy and sorrow together, composing poems and songs. Nikolai Nikolaevich and Alexandra Nikolaevna traveled all over the Soviet Union, wrote hundreds of famous songs about the construction of hydroelectric power stations and BAM, geologists and astronauts, Komsomol members and athletes, accompanying the era together. Entire cycles of songs were dedicated to children and youth. Even Pakhmutova filled songs created “by order” with such sincerity and tenderness, she put all the depths of her soul into them.
A whole arsenal of songs was written for children. Alexander Pakhmutov always quotes composer Dmitry Kabalevsky, who said that every composer should create at least one work for children a year. Alexandra Nikolaevna steadily followed this rule.
How young we were
Creating this or that song, Alexandra Pakhmutova clearly knew who the composer Alexandra Pakhmutova – Muslim Magomayev or Joseph Kobzon, Lev Leschenko or Yuri Gulyaev, Maya Kristalinskaya or Edita Pyekha, Eduard Gil or Valery Obodzinsky, Sofia Rotaru, Anna German or Valentina should perform it. Tolkunova. Her songs were dreamed and now the most eminent performers dream to sing. Not a whole page is enough to list only the names of those for whom she wrote her stellar creations.
Of course, not all songs were understood and accepted by the artistic council the first time, some were completely wooed, but Alexandra Pakhmutova never fell into despair, did not accumulate insults and continued to work, devoting time only to creating even more interesting songs.