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“Tin horror on his face,
There is soot, wax is minced,
The head does not hold at all.
And quietly Chaplin says … ”

Osip Mandelstam

Huge boots. Bowler and cane. Mustache in the shape of a shoe brush. No actor, if he is not a genius, will be able to create an immortal image with the help of such insignificant things. The unsurpassed mime proved to the whole world that it is possible to achieve maximum effect without a single gesture. And it is unlikely that any other person will ever be able to bring more joy, pleasure and relief at a time when most people so need them. Federico Fellini considered him “Adam, from whom we all have a pedigree …” But even just being a genius is not enough. You need to be Charlie Chaplin.

Legendary person
In the age of computers and unthinkable special effects, his black-and-white silent films, which had long since become classics of cinema, are impressive in a way that the most sophisticated Hollywood blockbuster will never impress. They still make the viewer artist Charlie Chaplins laugh and cry, allow them to look with other eyes at the minor life troubles and, like Chaplin’s hero – the Tramp, not give up and not lose heart.

Charles Spencer Chaplin was born on April 16, 1889 in London. His parents were artists of the music hall. This fact predetermined the fate of Charlie. Even in early childhood, watching the performances of his mother Hannah in the music halls of his native London, Charles learned to sing and dance. Chaplin’s father was an alcoholic and left the family shortly after giving birth. His mother was often cured in psychiatric hospitals. Most of his childhood passed near Chaplin in the street and in various orphanages. When he grew up, he began to earn a living at first in a hairdressing salon, and then as a watchman in a music hall. The experience of these years subsequently formed the basis of his future brilliant comedies.

He left home at sixteen and got a job at an anonymous theater. Soon he was invited to the famous pantomime troupe Carnot. It was here that he perfectly mastered the art of pantomime, plasticity and expressiveness of movements. The gift of improvisation and well-defined everyday sketches ensured Chaplin’s success in England and during the American tour of 1910-1912.

From dirt to Kings
In 1913, during a tour of the troupe in America, producer Mac Sennet noticed the young artist and was offered to him by artist Charlie Chaplinkontract with the Keystone film company. Chaplin’s first film was the comic strip “Making Money for Life,” and he first appeared in the film “Children’s Auto Racing in Venice” in his traditional appearance that soon became his. Appearing in 12 tapes filmed under the direction of Sennet, in 1914 Chaplin independently shoots the comedy “Caught by the Rain.”

In 1916, Charles Chaplin signed a contract with the firm “Muchuel”, securing creative control and the right to shoot no more than 12 films a year. In each new work of Charlie Chaplin, the dramatic conflict between good and evil, poverty and wealth, justice and “public order” intensifies.

Chaplin always strove for complete independence and in 1923 founded the Charles S. Chaplin Film Corporation. The need for this step was confirmed by the problems with the rental of the Parisian drama, directed against the hypocrisy and immorality of a conservative society.

Ray of light in the dark kingdom
In the 1930s, the recognition of the futility of the efforts of the “lone seeker” in the films “Big City Lights” and “New Times” was the culmination of a little man’s theme, prologue artist Charlie Chaplink to the evolution of a hero who grew out of Charlie’s mask. This evolution is reflected in the brilliant anti-fascist farce “The Great Dictator”, which made Charlie Chaplin a persona non grata in Germany. Here Chaplin appeared in two images – a Jewish barber and dictator Hinkel. The picture appealed to humanity and to the fight against violence. Hitler, this film strongly touched for the living that was in it. Since then, the Nazis have clearly seen Jewish features in Charlie’s face. “I am not a Jew; there is not a drop of Jewish blood in me. But if I were him, I would not have thought to hide this fact. I would be proud of it, ”Chaplin said in response.

Troubled times have come in Europe. Nazi Germany attacked the USSR, Roosevelt pulled with the opening of a second front, and Chaplin spoke out in support of Russia. Perhaps it was after this that his troubles began. Hollywood began to treat the actor with great suspicion. Chaplin was recorded as a champion of communism. Arriving in Europe, Charlie Chaplin settled in Switzerland, in the town of Veuve, where he lived until the end of his life.
Charlie’s long journey to happiness
Chaplin preferred to deal with young girls. The result: four marriages (three of them are women artist Charlie Chaplin aged 18 years or younger), 11 children and a whole harem of mistresses. Charlie Chaplin’s first wife was Mildred Harris. About a year after their wedding, Mildred gave birth to a son who lived only three days. With the death of the child, the family also died. Chaplin and Mildred split in 1920. Four years later, he married Lita Gray, who bore him two children, but this did not save their marriage.

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