“GREAT SYMPHONY” FRANZ SCHUBERT
Throughout his life and long enough after his death, Franz Schubert was the personification of a misunderstood genius who did not achieve recognition. His music was admired only by friends and relatives, and most of the works were discovered and published many years after his untimely death.
Frustrated, ever in need, Schubert created divine music. Being not very happy, remaining lonely and feeling isolated from the whole world, he wrote marvelous music filled with freshness. So who was this short, shortsighted, short-lived wanderer, who was named Franz Peter Schubert at birth?
The youngest of sons
The Schubert family hails from Austrian Silesia. The composer’s father moved to Vienna and after a while became the director of the school in the suburbs of Lichtenthal. He married a girl from his village who worked as a cook. There were not enough funds in the family, although it cannot be said that they lived in poverty. 14 children were born in the marriage, of which only five survived. The youngest of the sons was Franz Peter Schubert.
He was born on January 31, 1797. The first five years, Schubert composer Franz Schubert spent at home. From an early age, the boy showed a love for music. Little Franz adored the joiner’s apprentice society, with whom he often visited the piano workshop. There, young Schubert independently learned to play, relying only on his natural instinct. If we recall the great self-taught geniuses, Schubert can be called the most unique. When he first started studying with a teacher at age 7, it turned out that the young pianist already owns all the basics of playing the piano. The boy also had a very beautiful voice. The leader of the Lichtenthal choir, Michael Halzer, admitted that he never had such a student.
The gift of young Franz Schubert
Definitely, the genius of art visited the boy at the time of birth. Perhaps only the talent of young Mozart can be put higher.
Ferdinand, the composer’s brother, claimed that the Four-Hand Fantasy, composer Franz Schubert, written in 1810, was the first piece for piano, and the first song, “The Complaint of Hagar,” written in 1811. But there is evidence that the young composer was already long before wrote songs, plays for the piano and even string quartets. The catalog of plays stored by his brother included only those that were kept by him or the music publisher Diabelli.
At 11, Schubert sang solo in the church parish of Lichtenthal, played solo on the violin. The father showed a talented son in the Imperial chapel. In 1808, he was heard by two court masters – Salieri and Eibler. The result exceeded all expectations – Schubert was accepted into the imperial choir.
Being a pretty good violinist, he became a member of a small school orchestra, which almost daily played instrumental music by great authors, the symphonies of Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven.
Due to his ability to play different instruments, as well as devotion to music, Schubert soon received a promotion – the post of the first violin. He also had to conduct an orchestra if the chief conductor was absent.
His music sought to go out, but he kept his impulses a secret. Yet it was very difficult to resist the impulse to compose. Thoughts swept through Franz, and he never had enough musical paper to write down everything that was torn out.
composer Antonio Salieri Antonio Salieri
Schubert lived almost his whole life, if not in need, then with limited means, but especially acutely he always lacked musical paper. At the age of 13 he wrote incredibly much: sonatas, masses, songs, operas, symphonies … Unfortunately, only some of these early works saw the light of day.
Schubert had an amazing habit: to mark on the notes the exact date when he began to compose the work and when he finished. It is very strange that in 1812 he wrote only one song – “Sad” – a small and not the most outstanding of his work. It is hard to believe that not a single song came from the pen of the composer in one of the most fruitful years of his work. Perhaps Schubert was so absorbed in instrumental music that it distracted his attention from his beloved genre. But the list of instrumental and religious music, written for the same year, is simply huge.
Schubert’s failed marriage
The year 1813 is considered the final period of early creativity. Due to the transitional age, the voice began to break, and Franz is no longer the composer Franz Schubertmog singing in the court chapel. The emperor allowed him to stay at school, but the young genius no longer wanted to study. He returned home and at the insistence of his father became an assistant teacher at his school. He had to work in a classroom for the smallest, with children who still do not know how and quickly forget everything. It was unbearable for a young genius. He often lost his temper, correcting his students with kicks and slaps. Despite his desperate efforts, they were always unhappy with him.