GIUSEPPE VERDI. VIVA, VERDI!
For some, the name Giuseppe Verdi means the whole world, but someone may have just been touched by one of his operas, say Rigoletto, and therefore there was a desire to find out a little more about the person who wrote this music. Verdi’s life, not a musician, is elevated to the level of myths and legends. He became a national pride, a symbol of the unity of Italy. And as a musician and composer, Verdi became the unsurpassed hero of Italian opera.
Childhood Giuseppe Verdi and the first teachers
Giuseppe Verdi’s life was full of historical events, amazing people, tragedy and incredible success. All this has become the basis for the birth of myths, which are often difficult to separate from real facts. The date of birth of the great maestro is reliably known. On October 10, 1813, a son was born to Carlo Verdi and Luigi Uttini, who, at birth, composer Giuseppe Verdi, got the name Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi. The couple lived in Roncole, province of Parma, Italy. Giuseppe was the fourth child and was born in turbulent times when Parma shuddered under the pressure of Napoleon’s army. From history, it is known that immediately after the birth of a boy, detachments of Cossacks captured Roncol. It is believed that Verdi’s mother was forced to flee with her newborn. They took refuge in a church, and the village in which they lived was completely destroyed. Now it is almost impossible to determine whether this is true or not. Verdi’s entire biography is adorned with near-tragic elements, so perhaps this is one of the tragic embellishments of his early childhood, which fell in wartime.
For many years Verdi claimed that his parents were illiterate poor. However, there is evidence that his father was a landowner and innkeeper. He could be called uncultured, but by no means illiterate. Mother was a spider. Another fact that can neither be proved nor disproved – for many years in one of the taverns of Roncol there was a memorial plaque stating that it was here that the great musician was born. According to new information, however, this inn became home to Verdi’s parents when Giuseppe was already 17, and by this age he had already left his parents’ house. Composer Giuseppe Verdi Among these conflicting information about his birth, place of birth and some facts of his childhood, there are those who are not in doubt – how Verdi came to music. It is reliably known that the young organ of Giuseppe Verdi was delighted and poetic by the church organ, and the village organist became the first teacher. However, the boy quickly surpassed his teacher and even replaced him in church service. When the boy turned seven, noticing his son’s interest in music, his father bought the young maestro an old shabby spinet, a keyboard instrument that is a kind of harpsichord. A harpsichord master named Cavaletti repaired the instrument without taking any money for his work. He did this exclusively “so that young talent could learn music.”
In 1823, Verdi’s “talent” led him to the Ferdinando Provezi music school, which was located near Busseto. And in 1825 he was already an assistant conductor of the orchestra in Busseto.
“Leave the thought of the conservatory”
composer Giuseppe Verdicupets Antonio Barezzi
Having studied the basics of composition and mastered the basics of conducting techniques, as well as improving the ability to play the organ, he left school. At this time, a major role in the fate of the composer was played by the merchant and chairman of the local Philharmonic Society, Antonio Barezzi, in whose life music occupied a large place. Antonio himself was able to play several wind instruments. Verdi’s dream was to enter the conservatory in Milan. Barezzi helped him get a scholarship to study at the conservatory in the amount of 600 lire. In addition, Barezzi replenished this amount a little from personal funds. To the great regret of the future composer, he was not accepted into the conservatory (“due to the low level of the piano playing”), in addition, the conservatory had age restrictions.
Instead of returning home, Giuseppe Verdi decided to continue his music studies independently and for three years he took counterpoint lessons from Vincenzo Lavigny, a former composer of La Scala. And it was in Milan that he discovered opera. In addition to the lessons, Lavigny provided Verdi with the opportunity to attend musical performances and concerts, as well as rehearsals. He eagerly absorbed every performance he could get. It was at this time that the foundations of the future musical theater in Italy and abroad were laid.
Once, none of the conductors of the theater came to the rehearsal, then Verdi, sitting in the hall, was asked to save the situation: “I quickly went to the piano and started the rehearsal. I remember very well the ironic ridicule with which I was met … When the rehearsal was over, I was complimented on all sides … As a result of this incident, conducting the Haydn concert was entrusted to me. “